Lakes and Mountains

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  • Tanzania has many other mountain ranges and some of the largest and deepest lakes in the world.

    ARC MOUNTAINS A crescent shaped mountain range running along the eastern side of Tanzania.Formed millions of years ago, they contain some of the most biologically diverse, and endemically rich, montane ecosystems in Africa. Often called the Galapagos of Africa, the range includes the Pare, Usambara, Nguru, Ukaguro, Uluguru, Ribeho and Udzungwa Mountains.


    Home to the Hadzabe bushmen, some of the last remaining hunter gathers in Africa, Lake Eyasi is a salt lake situated on the southern edge of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.


    Situated in Lake Manyara National Park, this lake is home to thousands of flamingo and large numbers of other large waterbirds.


    A soda lake, at the base of Oldonyo Lengai, some 200km north-west of Arusha on the border with Kenya.It is home to thousands of flamingo and the surrounding area with its streams and waterfalls, is ideal for walking safaris. LAKE NYASA
    Set against the stunning background of the Livingstone Mountains, and sometimes called the Calendar Lake because it is 365 miles long and 52 miles wide, the lake shores form the border with Mozambique and Malawi where it is called Lake Malawi.

    LAKE RUKWA In the south-west of the country this shallow, alkaline lake is Tanzanias fourth largest.It is home to a large concentration of hippo and crocodile and to the rare shoe bill stork.


    The waters of Lake Tanganyika, the longest and after Lake Baikal in Siberia, second deepest freshwater lake in the world, contain one of the richest concentration of fish found anywhere. More than 300 different species live within it.Many are endemic to the lake but are more frequently seen, worldwide, in home aquariums.Gombe National Park and Mahale Mountains National Park both border the lakes shores,teritory of the chimpanzee.


    The source of the Nile eluded 19th century explorers but to days tourists can easily view the waters that supply it. Lake Victoria is by far the largest lake in Africa and, the second largest freshwater lake in the world.Nearby attractions include the Bismark Rocks, Rubondo Island National Park and the Saa Nane National Park,a bird sanctuary.

    LIVINGSTONE MOUNTAINS A range of low-lying mountains that rise precipitously from the shores of Lake Nyasa. Mount Jamimbi, the highest lakeside peak,rises to a height of 7,870 ft.


    The crown of Tanzania and the Roof of Africa,The tallest free-standing mountain in the world.


    Located within Arusha National Park, and overlooking the safari town of Arusha,. At a height of 14,980 feet it is second to only Mount Kilimanjaro among Tanzanias peaks. Its fertile lower slopes, covered in dense forest, support a diverse wildlife that include buffalo, black and white colobus monkey and several bird species.


    Situated at the southern end of Lake Natron and known as Mountain of God to the Maasai, Ol Doinyo Lengai rises to an elevation of 9,442 feet. It is the only active volcano in Tanzania and last erupted in 2007.

    UDZUNGWA MOUNTAINS Located near the western edge of the Selous Game Reserve, close to Mikumi National Park. A small section of the mountains fall within the boundaries of the Udzungwa Mountains National Park where there are trails covering the forest and mountain peaks.